Charles A.L.B. Oliver
(1793-Between 1870)


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Mary M. Capps

Charles A.L.B. Oliver

  • Born: 1793, South Carolina Or Georgia
  • Marriage: Mary M. Capps
  • Died: Between 1870 and 1880

bullet  General Notes:

ID: I0136
Name: Charles A.L.B. OLIVER
Sex: M
Birth: 1793 in South Carolina/Georgia
Death: BET 1870 AND 1880
Medical Information: The 1864 Department of the South Census listed Charles as having blue eyes, fair complexion and was crippled.
Georgia began in 1805 to offer land to its citizens through lotteries. These lotteries often serve as useful substitutes for the lost federal census returns for the early 1800's in the state. The 1827 lottery dispensed lots in Carroll, Coweta, Lee, Muscogee and Troup counties.

Charles A.L.B. Oliver registered for the 1827 Georgia Land Lottery and on May 7 1827 - the 53rd day of drawing - drew Lot #32 of the 4th District of Muscogee County. Charles was living in Brinkley's District of Warren County at the time.

Charles is next found in the 1830 Census of Bulloch County, Georgia. A few years later the family moved to Ware County, Georgia where they are listed in the 1840 census living in the 719th District.

During the Seminole Indian Wars of 1835-1836 Charles volunteered and served as a private in the following: Captain William M. Reed's 1st Company of the 2nd Brigade, Florida Militia commanded by Colonel John Warren, for a period of 4 months of actual service. Ordered into service of the United States by his Excellency the Governor. Call to duty from September 23, 1836 to January 27, 1837, for a period of four months. Charles was honorably discharged January 27, 1837.

REMARKS: Capt. Reed with Lts. Ross and Hooker and a part of this Company served in Colonel Pierce's Division of the Army and were distinguished for correct and soldierly - like conduct, particularly at *Wahoo Swamp, November 21, 1836. (Lt. Smiley was left in command of the post at Fort Reed and was unfortunately killed by the enemy, in an attack on Mr. Arthur Lykes house, near that post on January 24, 1837.)

Charles then served in Capt. Alexander Martin's Mounted Company of the 1st Regiment, 2nd Brigade of the Florida Militia, commanded by Colonel John Warren, ordered into service of the United States by Major General Jesup from January 27th to June 5th 1837. Members of this Company mustered in at Fort Reed and were to have been stationed at Fort Gilliland. However, the men could not attend at Fort Gilleland for the want of subsistence and forage for their horses. They were ordered to and mustered out of service for not being able to assemble at Fort Gilliland, for want of provisions. Records show that Charles volunteered at Ft. White, Florida on June 16, 1837, as a private in Captain Reid's Florida Mounted Volunteers commanded by John Warren for a period of 6 months of actual service. Charles was honorably discharged at Newnansville, Florida on December 18, 1837.

During the period of 1840-1841 Charles served in North's Company of the Georgia Mounted Militia.

Charles and family are listed as living in Ware County in the early 1850 census. Charles filed a claim for bounty land under the Act of September 12, 1853 for services during the Seminole Wars. He received Land Warrant #53.169 for 80 acres in the state of Wisconsin. N1/2 of SW 1/4, Section 9, Township 28, Range #21, Menasha, Wisconsin. Charles was living in Clinch County, Georgia on November 12, 1850 when his application for Bounty Land in Wisconsin was made. Charles sold the Land Warrant #53.169 on October 29, 1853 to Tarlton Jones - State of Florida, County of Duval. Witnessed by: William P. Davis, J.P.

On April 18, 1855 Charles was living in Clinch County, Georgia when again he filed a claim with the help of Attorney Thomas Lumpkin of Washington City, D.C. for Military Bounty Land under the Act of March 3, 1855. Witnessed by: Robert T. White and John Rice. Charles received Land Warrant #36.561 for 80 acres in Arkansas on June 21, 1856. Received from Department of Interior Certificate of Warrant by James N. Baker November 12, 1856 and witnessed by John L. Morgan and Samuel Prescott. Charles sold Land Warrant #36.561 to Eliza A. Jones of Thomas County, Georgia February 26, 1858. Witnessed by: William Lastinger and Robert C. Lastinger.

During the late 1850's the family moved to the Yellow Water section of Duval County, Florida and is listed in the 1860 Duval County Census. His occupation was farming.

The 1860 Duval County, Florida Agricultural Census listed Charles A.L.B. Oliver as owning 25 improved acres, 55 unimproved acres with a cash value of $100.00 and farm implements valued at $5.00.

Nothing is known of his activity during the Civil War. He would have been in his mid 70's at the time. His sons, Alfred Oliver was a soldier in Company A 10th Regiment of the Florida Volunteers. James W. Oliver was a private in the 13th Regiment Florida Militia. William Shepherd Oliver first enlisted in the 10th Regiment, of the Florida Volunteers on September 17, 1861. His second assignment was with Company I, 8th Regiment, of the Florida Infantry on May 14, 1862. This unit was in the battle of Gettysburg. Charles R. Oliver enlisted on October 1, 1861 in Company E, 29th Georgia Regiment of the Army of Tennessee. This unit was the Alapaha Guards of Clinch County.

In the Duval County, Florida 1870 Census Charles and Mary are listed in the Yellow Bluff voting precinct.

The 1880 Census of Duval County for election Precinct 4, does not record Charles A.L.B. Oliver, but records Mary Ann (Capps) Oliver as living with her son William Shepherd. It can be assumed that Charles died between 1870 and 1880. The special Florida census of 1885 does not include Mary Ann and therefore it is likely she died between 1880 and 1885. The place of burial is not known, but is thought to be the Manning Cemetery in West Duval County as many members of the Oliver family are buried there.

It is also not known what the initials A.L.B. referred to. He signed his name Charles A.L.B. Oliver

Contributed by: William F. Oliver, Jr.
Updated by: Mike & Irene Oliver Flowers

On the 1850 Ware County, Georgia Census, Charles A. L. B. Oliver lived at residence #430. On the same Census Barville Permenter lived at residence #427. Charles R. Oliver ,son of Charles A.L.B. Oliver, subsequently married Jane E. Abselah Permenter, daughter of Barville Permenter.

Location: West of Bushnell, Florida on S.R. 48, vicinity of Wahoo, Bushnell, Sumter County, Florida.

The Battle of Wahoo Swamp occurred on November 21,1836. The second Seminole War, a seven year struggle resulting from competition between Seminole Indians and white settlers over central Florida lands, had began almost a year earlier. By November 1836, Indian forces had concentrated in Wahoo Swamp to oppose General (and then Territorial Governor) R. P. Call's pursuing army. The attack of November 21, 1836, began with the advance of a mile long line of about 2,500 men including Tennessee Volunteers, Regular Army artillery and officers, Florida Militia men, and several hundred Creek Indians. In the fierce engagement fought from tree to tree in mud and water, America troops pushed the Seminoles across the slough south of this marker. The Indians' returned fire resulted in the death of Major David Moniac, a Creek Regular Army officer who led a bold attack across the swamp.
Near night fall, army commanders decided not to pursue the Indians further due to the seemingly impassable terrain and the lack of supplies. Army casualties were low; the number of Indian losses remains unknown. The Seminoles withdrew southward, but the second Seminole War continued until 1842.


Charles married Mary M. Capps.

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